English Furniture Explained

Federal Cane Back Sofa

Looking at the styles you get, the older English pieces are categorized into Queen Anne, Georgian Chippendale, Georgian Adam, Georgian Hepplewhite, Late 18th Century, Georgian Sheraton, and Regency.

Queen Anne – This style comes from the early 18th century, and is mainly made from walnut, cherry-wood, oak, mahogany, and maple. These pieces normally consist of lots of curves which are graceful and plenty of curved legs, there were no rungs or any kinds of stretchers used, and they were simple and elegant with not too much decoration.

Georgian Chippendale – This style dates back to the late 18th century, and was predominantly made from mahogany. They are a slight elaboration from the Queen Anne style with more ornate carvings and features, many of which were quite bold. Many themes were also used such as Chinese, Rococo, English, and Greek Classic. The chair backs were especially intricate.

Georgian Adam – Also dating to the late 18th century, and also using mainly mahogany, the Georgian Adam used slender lines and was influenced mainly by Greek Classical styles. As such, fluted columns were used frequently and delicate carvings were introduced, like the draped garlands which were a favored design.

Georgian Hepplewhite – This style is from the late 18th century, and uses mahogany and satinwood inlays or veneer. This style was based on the Adam, with tapered legs, and oval, heart, or shield shaped backs of chairs.

Georgian Sheraton – Also from the late 18th century, made from mahogany, this is similar to the Hepplewhite, only straighter lines were used and the Classic Greek influence saw lyre shaped chair backs.

Regency – Dating to the early 19th century, mahogany was favored and the designs were bold, simple, and more functional, with colors being used.

American Colonial- Early Colonial
Dating to the 17th century, this style used maple, pine, birch, and walnut with heavy decorations and carvings. These were solid constructions and lots of square lines were used.

Late Colonial – From the 18th century, this style used mainly pine and mahogany, and the pieces were interpretations of the English Georgian and Queen Anne styles. One example is the Windsor Chair.

Federal – This dates to the early 19th century and used woods like mahogany and cherry. These were interpretations of the Georgian styles with some French influence and are heavier than the English styles. Examples are the Hitchcock Chari and the Boston rocker.

Pennsylvania Dutch – This style is from the late 17th century to mid-19th and used pine, maple, walnut, and fruit woods. They are plain Germanic styled pieces and are solid and usually painted colorfully with Germanic decorations.

Shaker – This dates from the late 18th century to the mid-19th century with pieces being made from pine and maple. They are very functional with no decoration but of excellent design and craftsmanship.

Federal Country Work Table

Federal Side Chairs

Federal Side Table

Federal Upholstered Armchair Bergere

Federal Upholstered Armchair Bergere

Federal Piano Stool

Federal Shield Back Side Chair

Federal Shield Back Side Chair

Federal Shield Back Side Chair 3

Federal Shield Back Side Chair

Federal Country Work Table

Federal Side Chairs

Federal Side Table

Federal Truncated Shield Back Side Chair

Sharaton Fancy Painted Side Chair

Sharaton Fancy Painted Side Chair

Federal Country Work Table

Sharaton Fancy Painted Side Chair

Federal Painted Drop Leaf Table

Federal Painted Drop Leaf Table

Federal Country Work Table

Federal Pembroke Table

Federal Country Work Table

Federal Dumbwaiter Serving Table

Federal Canopy Bed

Federal Square Back ArmChair

Federal Square Back ArmChair

Federal Card Table

Federal Card Table

Federal Tilt Top CandleStand

Federal Tilt Top Candle Stand

Federal Double Pedestal Drop Leaf Table

Federal Double Pedestal Drop Leaf Table

Federal Card table (2)

Federal Card Table

Federal Painted SetteeFederal Painted Settee

Federal Lyre Base Card Table

Federal Lyre Base Card Table

Federal Settee

Federal Settee

Federal Square Back ArmChair (2)

Federal Square Back ArmChair

Federal Upholstered Lolling ArmChair

Federal Upholstered Lolling ArmChair

Federal

 

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